France >> Bordeaux >> Rotwein

Bordeaux is the largest quality wine growing area in the world with about 100,000 hectares. Situated around the city of Bordeaux at the confluence of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers in the southwest of France. The Bordelais, the surroundings of the aforementioned city, is divided into many wine regions, of which quite a few have achieved world fame.
Haut-Médoc with Margaux, St Julien, Pauillac and St Estèphe in the north, Graves, Pessac-Léognan and Sauternes in the south and Pomerol, St Emilion, Fronsac and Entre-Deux-Mers to the east. Since the Romans, Bordeaux has been a wine-growing region. Wine was widely spread when Aquitaine became English in 1152 and many tax barriers fell, making wine very popular in England. Also the favourable location at the huge estuary of the river Gironde was advantageous for trade and export compared to many other wine-growing regions.
Since the English appreciated Bordeaux wine, it spread all over the world with the colonies and is traditionally one of the best known, so to speak.
In Bordeaux, which is characterised by a maritime climate (humid, low temperature fluctuations and mild temperatures) and different soils, about 80% red wines and 20% white wines are produced.
About 13000 winegrowers produce red wine from the Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot and Malbec grape varieties. White Bordeaux is obtained from Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon and Muscadelle. The grape varieties are almost always blended, because the different grape varieties in Bordeaux rarely reach the perfection to form a wine alone.